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News: Installing a Nucleus Colony into a 10 (8) Frame Langstroth Hive

Article Date(s):08/01/2018

By Tennessee's Honey Bees



Even before you get your Nuc of Honey Bees there are things that you must already have planned out. Give each of your new Hive a Name or Number.

Now is the time to train yourself to keep notes on your beehives. Keeping notes on inspections and things you notice and what work you perform may come in very handy at a later date.



Make sure you have your protective gear and tools and know how to use them.




  1. Decide where you are going to set up your Apiary ( Beehives) and then Plan the layout. Be sure to leave enough room beside and Behind the Beehives so you will have enough uncrowded room to work. Also leave room in the front of the hive for the Honey Bees to fly freely into and out of the beehives.

  2. Set your new empty hives in place trying to maintain a level condition side to side and a slight slant toward the front to assist with any rain that may get blown in through the front entrance.

  3. After you bottom board and brood chamber are set into place and leveled you may then begin inserting your new or drawn (preferred) foundation.

  4. Prepare 1:1 sugar syrup: 5 lb. sugar to 5 pints of water should be prepared for each hive. You can add 1 tsp of Fumagilin-B to 4 quarts of syrup. Syrup ratios are as follows.

  5. Measure your sugar and your water in a container, as 1 gallon of sugar and 1 gallon of water will give you a 1:1 ratio you will have to stir the mixture until no more sugar crystals are visible. Any ratio past a 3:1 will be very difficult to mix and is not really necessary. If you feel you must have a larger sugar to water ratio than 3:1 then feed dry granulated sugar or build a candy board ( usually utilized in the winter months)



    Sugar / Water = Ratio

    1gal / 1gal = 1:1

    1gal / 2gal = 2:1

    1gal / 3gal = 3:1


     

  6. The outdoor temperature should be above 60 degrees. This is a best rule for any time you feel you need to enter the Honey Bee Hive!

  7. If you are unable to transfer your bees the day you bring them to your Apiary location, place the Nuc

  8. Box against the side of the new hive. Let the bees settle down for a while then open the entrance and let them fly.

  9. Open the new hive box and remove the frames setting them aside for reinsertion later.

  10. Very carefully remove one of the end frames from the Nuc. Be sure you remember how it was oriented in the Nuc Box. Hold the frame over the new hive (in case the queen falls off) and inspect the frame on both sides looking to see what is on the frame (capped honey, nectar, bees, capped brood, larva, eggs even look for signs of the Queen but do not feel bad if you do not see her the first few times you may inspect the hive just look for signs she is there, eggs, open brood, closed brood.

  11. Place this frame in your new hive the same orientation that it was removed from the Nuc.

  12. Continue this with each frame from the Nuc, sliding the frames gently together. Take your time to avoid crushing any bees.

  13. When the last frame from the Nuc is installed in the new hive, slide one of the original frames next to the frames you just installed

  14. Insert one of the frames you removed at the very beginning in the open space and slide it next to the frame that came out of the Nuc. If it was a 5 frame Nuc you will install 5 new frames and if it was a 4 frame Nuc you will install 6 frames (this quantity will be different if you are using 8 frame hives).

  15. From the outer most frame use your hive tool and push the frames tightly together. Then do this from the other side. You want the frames tight against each other. Leave equal space on the sides from the hive box.

  16. If using a Hive Top Feeder place the feeder on top of the hive and fill with 1:1 sugar syrup.

  17. If using a Top Feeder, install a queen excluder (optional) and then the inner cover. Skip to step 24.

  18. Do not use a queen excluder if a Top Feeder is not used.

  19. Install the inner cover.

  20. If you are using a jar or plastic tub feeder, check that the lid of the syrup container is secure. There should be about 12 small holes (1/16", or a 3 or 4 penny nail) in the center, patterned for the inner cover opening.

    Use a staple gun and shoot 4 staples into the lid then pull them out. That is more than enough holes.

  21. Invert the container over the inner cover or away from the hive until it has stopped dripping. Set syrup container over the hole in the inner cover on some Popsicle sticks for ventilation.

  22. Install an empty hive body on top of inner cover.

  23. Install telescoping top.

  24. Place a brick, or other suitable weight, on top of the hive cover

  25. Insert entrance reducer set to smallest opening with the open side down.

  26. Now just let the girls do what they know how to do, Make Honey and Honey Bees.


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