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Honey Bee Forage within Region 11 for the State of Tennessee


List of Honey Bee Forage Species within Region 11 for the State of TN

Ordered by Begin Bloom Month


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USDA code Family Latin Name Common Name Plant Type Begin Bloom Month End Bloom Month Sig
TAOFC Asteraceae Taraxacum Dandelion, blow-balls F 2 10 N
VACCI Ericaceae Vaccinium Blueberry, huckleberry SDB 2 6 N
ACER Aceraceae Acer maple TDB 2 6 N
ULMUS Ulmaceae Ulmus Elm TDB 2 4 N
PRPE3 Rosaceae Prunus persica Peach TDB, C 2 5 N
VICIA Fabaceae Vicia Vetch, tare F 3 10 N
RUBUS Rosaceae Rubus Blackberry S, C 3 6 N
CERCI2 Fabaceae Cercis Redbud, judas tree TDB 3 5 N
FRAXI Oleaceae Fraxinus Ash TDB 3 5 N
MALUS Rosaceae Malus Apple TDB 3 5 N
SALIX Salicaceae Salix Willow, osier TDB 3 6 N
PRAV Rosaceae Prunus Cherry (cultivated) TDB,C 3 5 N
ILEX Aquifoliaceae Ilex Holly, yaupon TEB 3 6 N
MESA Fabaceae Medicago sativa Alfalfa, lucerne C 4 9 N
PYRUS Rosaceae Pyrus Pear C 4 5 N
MELIL Fabaceae Melilotus Sweet clover (white/yellow) F 4 10 Y
TRIN3 Fabaceae Trifolium incarnatum Crimson / Italian clover F 4 7 N
TRPR2 Fabaceae Trifolium pratense Red clover F 4 9 N
TRRE3 Fabaceae Trifolium repens White, dutch clover F 4 10 Y
TRRE4 Fabaceae Trifolium resupinatum Persian, reversed clover F 4 8 N
LIGUS2 Oleaceae Ligustrum Privet, hedge plant S 4 7 N
TOXIC Anacardiaceae Toxicodendron Poison ivy, oak S 4 7 N
GLTR Fabaceae Gleditsia triacanthos Honey and sweet locust, honeyshuck TDB 4 6 N
LITU Magnoliaceae Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip tree, poplar, whitewood TDB 4 6 Y
PRAV Rosaceae Prunus Cherry (uncultivated) TDB 4 5 N
QUERC Fagaceae Quercus Oak TDB 4 5 N
ROPS Fabaceae Robinia pseudoacacia Black locust, false acacia, yellow locust TDB 4 6 Y
LONIC Caprifoliceae Lonicera honeysuckle V 4 9 N
CILAL Cucurbitaceae Citrullus lanatus watermelon C 5 8 N
CUCUR Cucurbitaceae Cucurbita L. Pumpkin, squash, gourd C 5 9 N
CUME Cucurbitaceae Cucumis melo Cantaloupe, muskmelon, casaba, C 5 8 N
ASCLE Asclepiadaceae Asclepias Milkweed, butterfly flower F 5 9 N
POLYG4 Polygonaceae Polygonum Smartweed, knotweed, fleece flower F 5 11 N
RHUS Anacardiaceae Rhus Sumac, sugar bush, lemonade berry S 5 8 N
CATAL Bignoniaceae Catalpa Catalpa, catawaba, indian bean TDB 5 6 N
DIVI5 Ebenaceae Diospyros virginiana Persimmon, possumwood, date plum TDB 5 6 N
TILIA Tiliaceae Tilia Basswood, lime tree, whitewood TDB 5 7 Y
VITIS Vitaceae Vitis Grape VDB 5 6 N
CUSA4 Cucurbitaceae Cucumis sativus cucumber C 6 9 N
ZEMAM2 Poaceae Zea mays Corn, maize C 6 9 N
ASTER Asteraceae Aster Aster F 6 11 Y
BIDEN Asteraceae Bidens Spanish needles, beggar-ticks, bur marigold, stick-tights, pitchforks, tickseed F 6 10 N
CIRSI Asteraceae Cirsium Thistles F 6 10 N
HELIA3 Asteraceae Helianthus Sunflower F 6 10 N
OPUNT Cactaceae Opuntia Prickley pear S 6 8 N
OXAR Ericaceae Oxydendrum arboreum Sourwood, sorrel tree, titi TDB 6 7 N
GLYCI Fabaceae Glycine Soybean, soja bean C 7 10 N
AMBRO Asteraceae Ambrosia Ragweed F 7 10 N
SOLID Asteraceae Solidago Goldenrod F 7 11 Y
VERBE2 Asteraceae Verbesina Crown-beard F 8 10 N


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Plant Type codes:

Sig column

      T    - tree
    TDB - tree, deciduous broadleaf
    TEN - tree, evergreen needleleaf
    TEB - tree, evergreen broadleaf
      S    - shrub
    SEB - shrub, evergreen broadleaf
    SDB - shrub, deciduous broadleaf
      V    - vine
    VDB - vine, deciduous broadleaf
      G    - grass
      F    - forb (herbaceous flowering plants, non-woody)
      C    - crops/cultivated
   This column indicates whether or not the species is considered a very important nectar source species within the state and region selected. If it is a significant source, it is indicated here with a 'Y' and the row is highlighted.

In this context, important is defined by Ayers and Harman as those species that "reliably produce a large percent of the harvested honey" within the selected region.


 For those wishing to see more detailed information about any species in the list, please visit the USDA PLANTS Database web site and search by any of the first three columns from the table.

This output was derived from Ayers and Harman, Chapter 11 (Bee Forage of North America and the Potential for Planting for Bees) of The Hive and the Honey Bee, 1992, Graham, J. ed. Dadant and Sons Inc. Hamilton, Illinois.
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